Eye injuries come in many shapes and sizes, some more serious than others. Some might necessitate emergency action and immediate care by an optometrist, while others can be taken care of at home. Read these guidelines for typical eye injuries, to decide your next step following an accident. Remember that common sense safety measures including wearing protective goggles or glasses may be your best approach to avoiding eye injuries altogether.
An example of an injury that should be treated seriously is a corneal abrasion (scratched eye). It can cause serious damage in a short amount of time and potentially result in blindness. Scratches are commonly caused by a poke in the eye, or scratching the eye when there is a particle of dust or sand in it. Since a scratch can make your eye susceptible to bacterial infection it's critical to call your eye care practitioner or an urgent care clinic. The best care for a scratched eye is to keep it loosely closed and to visit your eye care practitioner right away to check it out. Touching the eye will only make it worse and fully covering the eye provides the perfect environment for bacteria.
Another typical eye injury is chemical exposure. It can be scary when your are splashed in the eye by an unknown substance. The first thing to determine is which substance entered your eye. A chemical's basic composition is the most significant factor. While acids can result in substantial redness and burning, they can be rinsed out fairly easily. However, base or alkali chemicals can be more serious even though they don't seem so because they don't result in as much immediate burning or swelling as acids.
Though it is sometimes unpleasant to anticipate a serious eye injury, it's advisable to be prepared with how to react in such situations. By being prepared you can feel confident that you'll know how to handle most typical eye injuries. Of course, extra safety protections can help you avoid this type of injuries from the get go so speak to your eye care practitioner about preventative eye care options!